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I'm actually working on an animated movie, and there is a car chase with old cars.
What types of vehicles can I choose to have a sound which sounds like an old car, and that is at the same time powerful?
A small description of cars:
the story takes place in 1920-1930.
The cars look like little metal wagon with wooden wheels, and a small steam chimney.
I would try to make everything sound pretty clunky, including a lot of wood and metal clanking sounds. I would also probably try and incorporate a lot of engine backfiring, those cars didn't go very fast and couldn't be overworked too much. Also figure out what sort of surface is on. You might be able to get some pretty convincing wheel rolls with some material you find around the house and pitch.
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Or if you want to record/design it yourself, you may be able to work with small propeller plans, steam engines - maybe a sewing machine in there? I'm thinking with the train or plane I'd you'd want to EQ out a lot of the rone elements of the engine and emphasise the more mechanical, chugging elements.
You mention the vehicle in your cartoon is powerful - so maybe a steam train would be a good base there. Give it a bit more oomf - but without making it sound like a modern car and emphasise the steam power aspect. Though if you want some off-time car engine sounds, my housemates' 1980s sedan has a kind of a chugging rhythm to it. Depending on how much material you need I could record some of that for you.