Don't forget to up-vote the question or answer if you find it helpful! If it's your own question and you're very happy with an answer you can accept it as best answer.
Think Academy Awards or Golden Globes or Grammy's.
What's the best mic for a speech in a large hall setting with very (and I mean very) loud monitors on the stage? It will have to be used on bassy male voices and screechy female voices - voices of all types and frequencies.
Currently I'm using a hyper-cardioid pencil-mic capsule on a custom-built microphone stand, and while mixing the voice it's definitely hard and battling a lot of splash from the monitors and phase-cancellation issues from the podium.
I'm about ready to just ditch the condenser and place my AKG C5 mic I won in a contest. The amount of notches and dynamic EQ I am using is just absurd and shouldn't be that way for a simple podium situation - am I right?
It would help to have a better understanding of the space and time you have for set up. I'm wondering why there would need to be stage monitors for a speaker at a podium.
For a nice sounding, basic (but not cheap) podium mic, Crown LM series is great. Either the 201 or the 301A (the same mic, just a longer gooseneck). More info here
Schoeps mics are generally the live show (like the Oscars) mic of choice. Mount a cardioid and a hypercardoid on the same bracket so you can compensate for tall, short, etc. The CCM Series small capsule mics are great, and they have a bunch of nice mic stand options.
If possible, go with a countryman headset mic or a crown. Keeps the mic close by the speaker and has great rejection at that range.
Mounting is where you can get fancy. There are a number of very cool podium stands, including the hydrolic ones they use at large award shows that adjust to the height of the speaker. If you have time to get it rigged, you could also put a choir mic on a servo reel from the ceiling. I use these often and it's a nice way to move the mic out of the way and adjust for different speakers.
Processing - you'll want to compress heavily, somewhere around 8:1 or more. Also, if you have the time, boost the gain on the mic when nobody is at the podium to create feedback. This will at least give you the worst area and let you hack that frequency out before it's an issue.
Please note: When commenting on someone's question or answer, you will not receive notification on follow up comments unless you are mentioned with @Username. So for Andrew Spitz, you only need to use @Andrew
Dunno about 'best' but the AKG C747's are pretty good.